Long time member, George Mapp, creates cycling related podcasts and contributes them to our club. You may listen to any podcast below or click here to find these podcasts on iTunes.

Dr. David Berkoff on Tendon Injuries
Common ailments like knee issues, tennis elbow, plantar fasciitis, and shoulder pain
Tendons connect muscle and bone, and we don’t notice them until they get damaged or injured. Healing is a slow process because of low blood supply. Recent injuries can sometimes be treated with anti-inflammatory drugs and ice, whereas older injuries, greater than 6 months, are best treated with minimally-invasive procedures, physical therapy, and high-resolution ultrasound monitoring. Dr. Berkoff is an MD, board certified in Emergency Medicine and Sports Medicine, who practices full time at UNC Orthopedics and specializes in tendon injuries. He treats amateur and professional athletes. At one time he ran a custom bike business doing professional bike fit and design, and was a cyclist and triathlete.

acute – tendonitis is acute, onset less than 2 months ago
chronic – tendonosis is chronic, lasting more than 6 months
cytokine – substances secreted by certain cells of the immune system that have an effect on other cells
deep tissue massage – focuses on deep layers with slow firm strokes – painful but can be beneficial.
degenerative tissue – a change of tissue to a lower or less functionally active form
eccentric – stress on a tendon from the “downstroke” of an lifting exercise – painful but can restore degenerative tissue.
fenestration – poking lots of closely spaced, tiny holes. Perforation.
FIFA 11 – a warm-up program for soccer players developed by an international group of experts, designed to reduce injuries
hamstring – one of the three posterior thigh muscles (back of thigh)
inflammation – a localized reaction that produces redness, warmth, swelling, and pain as a result of infection, irritation, or injury
iontophoresis – uses an electrical field to deliver cortisone through the skin and into underlying tissues
IT band – iliotibial band, a tendon that connects thigh muscle to the the tibia, the major bone in the lower leg
Levaquin – an antibiotic medecine – like other drugs in its class, an uncommon side effect is tendonitis
ligament – tough, flexible, fibrous connective tissue that connects bones or cartilages or holds together a joint
microspheres – used to slowly release growth factors into tissue
nitroglycerin – a vasodilator medicine that opens blood vessels to improve blood flow
patellar tendon – works with the muscles in the front of the thigh to straighten the leg
plyometrics – maximum intensity interval training
prolotherapy – an injection to create an inflammatory response, to restart the healing process
PRP – platelet-rich plasma extracted from patient’s blood – red and white blood cells are removed
PT – physical therapy
quadriceps – “quads”, muscles at the front of the thigh
rice – Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation – conventional therapy for sprains – not particularly effective
rotator cuff tendons – provide stability to the shoulder
sclerotherapy – procedure used to reduce or collapse veins
shock wave therapy – a painful noninvasive treatment that uses high-energy acoustic waves
stem cell – an undifferentiated cell capable of reproducing into specialized cells
tendinopathy – tendon disease
tendon – a flexible but inelastic cord of strong fibrous collagen tissue attaching a muscle to a bone
tendonitis – acute tendon injury accompanied by inflammation
tendonosis – chronic tendon injury with degeneration at the cellular level and no inflammation
Tenex – a minimally-invasive procedure for removing degenerative tissue
ultrasound – uses high frequency vibration for medical imaging and treatment
UTC – Ultrasound Tissue Characterization Tracker – produces high resolution 3D image

Don’t forget the sunscreen!
Dr. Elizabeth Ju on Skin Ailments for Cyclists
As cyclists, we know all too well what happens when we don’t take proper care of our skin – saddle sores, itching, sunburn, and for many of us, skin cancer. Dermatologist Elizabeth Ju tells us how to prevent and treat skin ailments, and the importance of sunscreen on every ride.

Attorney Ann Groninger on Insurance for Cyclists
Ann Groninger is an avid cyclist, bike safety advocate, and expert on North Carolina bike law. She handles personal injury cases and advises clients in an area of law and insurance that is often poorly understood. Sadly, in some cases, insurance coverage is inadequate to take proper care of victims and their families. Ann strongly recommends that we all check our CAR insurance policies – UnInsured and UnderInsured coverage – and see that it is “maxed out”. Something else that we may not be aware of – HOMEOWNERS insurance may come into play in an accident when a motor vehicle is not involved.

Raleigh’s Greenways and the Neuse River Trail
In the early 1970s, Raleigh’s business community opposed restrictions on development, but after Crabtree Valley Mall opened and experienced recurrent floods, they realized it was not in their best interest to develop flood-prone areas along streams and rivers. City planners recognized the importance of preserving these areas not only for storm-water runoff and sewer lines, but also for water quality, wildlife, parks, recreation, and transportation.
Vic Lebsock was the chief Greenway planner for the city of Raleigh for 25 years. In that time he implemented a farsighted plan that recently included 34 miles of new trail along the Neuse River in north Raleigh. There are now 115 miles of bike trails in Raleigh, and along with the American Tobacco Trail, the Triangle section of the East Coast Greenway is 94% complete for 72 miles from Durham to Clayton.

Bike MS: Historic New Bern Ride 2016
A Weekend of Biking and Fundraising in Eastern NC
The city of New Bern and the MS Society put the fun back in fundraising. There’s something for everyone – 2 days of biking on scenic, rural roads; good food, camaraderie, and entertainment. All this while raising 2 million dollars each year for the National MS Society.

Bikefest 2016
The 21st annual Carolina Tarwheels’ BikeFest Rural Heritage Tour: An August morning ride in rural Orange county – fields, pastures, meadows, barns, country stores, and churches – all for the cause of supporting bike organizations and infrastructure. Hear from the riders and volunteers who make it happen.

Tour de Fat from New Belgium Brewing
Fat Tires, Frivolity, and Philanthropy
Costumes, games, stunts, skits, music, beer, food trucks, Dr. Seuss bikes – it’s like Mardi Gras on 2 wheels with proceeds going to 3 local nonprofits: Bike Walk NC, the Triangle Spokes Group, and the Durham Bike Co-Op.

Race Across America, Part 1
Are we still in Kansas?
Rob Fontes and Kaleb Naegeli are about to embark on a cross country relay race, on a team with 8 riders. Hear what they have to say before the big ride. In Part 2 we will hear from them after the ride.

Race Across America, Part 2
Back, Rested Up, and Ready for More
Rob and Kaleb’s team finished in 5th place, without mishaps and without much sleep, and raised 30K for MS.

Road Signs and Safety
Promoting Safety with Effective Signage
Where there are no bike lanes, we mostly ride on the right side of the lane, but by law in all 50 US states, we are entitled to use the full lane. NC State researchers George Hess and Nils Peterson conducted a study of road signs to find out how to best communicate this to the public.

The Virginia Capital Trail – 52 Miles of Early American History
From the colonial capital of Williamsburg to the modern capital of Richmond, this new trail follows the James River along a scenic path that offers something for everyone. Meet some of the people who made it happen, and who participated in the recent Cap-to-Cap bike ride.

Branson Kimball, randonneur, on the Paris-Brest-Paris (PBP) event, a 90 hour, 760 mile round trip from Paris to the Atlantic Coast. Riders are required to reach checkpoints on a fixed schedule, regardless of weather conditions and without much sleep. Bon courage, Branson!

Gears and Cheers 2016
This year Brandi Tuttle stepped up to lead the Gears and Cheers Bike Ride, an annual MS fundraiser held at the Grove Winery near Burlington. Hear about the challenges of taking on the leadership role and working with the MS Society to coordinate the activities of vendors, vineyard staff, and volunteers. Find out why this is more that just another volunteer gig for Brandi.

East Coast Greenway
East Coast Greenway Alliance Executive Director, Dennis Markatos-Soriano, tells us about the 2,900 mile trail connecting Canada to Key West, and the challenges to complete the remaining 2,000 miles. He thanks us, the Tarwheels, for our contributions.

Touring Rural North Carolina
Bike advocate and safety instructor, Ken Kaye, talks about touring rural North Carolina, using train travel as part of bike tours, safety equipment, pacelines, and good road manners.

The A Team
Fast boy, Paul Smith, talks about riding at the front of the pack, beer and smoozing in Las Vegas as a reporter at Interbike, the 2015 World Championships, and the interesting and fun people he has met along the way.

Durham Bike Co-op
Volunteers at the Durham Bike Co-op talk about cycling and the co-op. For eight years now, the volunteer-run Durham Bike Co-op has enabled hundreds of folks, young and old, to earn bicycles by helping out at the shop, where they learn to care for bikes and do simple repairs. This year, on the Martin Luther King holiday, the Tarwheels teamed up with the Co-op staff to work on bikes and assemble chain locks. Hear some of what the participants had to say on this frigid afternoon in January.